Wednesday, January 12, 2011

The Athens of East – A journey through the memory lane

Madurai is one of the oldest cities in the world and one of the continuously inhabited city. This city is filled with fun, excitements, spirituality, festivals and all sorts of excitements. I would say Madurai is Kaleidoscope City. It looks different every time you see it. Peoples also call Madurai as “Toonga Nagaram”- The city never sleeps!!! And city of Festivals- Yes! We have festivals 365 days a year. All this things make Madurai a beautiful old city which is still living with its nativity.
I would say that my childhood days in Madurai are the happiest part of my life so far. When I was in Madurai as a kid my parents used to take me to Meenakshi temple, I used to be very excited every time we go to temple. Not because of my spirituality quotient its because Meenakshi temple is filled with lots n lots of shops which sells toys and other stuffs.
Madurai is a well planned city which is planned in a square city Patten by the early Pandya kings. Each and every street specializes in a particular product which is one of the unique features of that time. We used to go around the streets and enjoy the short eats which are inseparable from the streets of Madurai.
As a weekly routine my grandpa used to take me to our paddy fields and banana farms every weekend. I used to enjoy a lot during that time to see small creature running here and there and water for irrigation flowing through the small canals. I used to walk inside the water which excites me a lot. I also enjoy the bath at our well and motor pump attached to it. Playing on the street with the children’s in the village is always fun. But, my homework eats lot of my evening which makes me worry.
Now it comes the TV time. The monopoly channel of that time Doordarshan which seldom telecast Tamil programs. Ours is one of the few houses which own a TV set and a huge crowd used to gather at our house and even outside our house to watch the few hours of Tamil telecast. I still remember that people used to read the story for the episode of Mahabharata every Sunday morning in the newspaper and watch the episode in Hindi. Its lot of fun…..
Most schools in Madurai took their school students for one day outing for Tirumalainayakar Palace, Maariamman Thepakulam (Water Tank), Gandhi Museum and Rajaji Park. This made the kids in Madurai an expert in the places. Even though I got bored to the routine areas every year it gives us some happiness of being together with friends outside the school. The places are still there and whenever I used to go by the way used to remember my childhood days and the faces of my friends flashes in my mind.
I consider a visit to Madurai a event of bio-diversity which makes me refreshed every time I go there. I hope every one of us will have some places like this which makes us refreshed and relived from our work environment. Let’s make a New Year resolution to spend some time by visiting those places and enjoy our life forever.

Saturday, July 25, 2009


Use white peony plant & a buch of white roses or narcissus in the room for inner peace.

Live in the west-facing room if you have oily skin.

Avoid the north-west zone if you have brittle hair & dry skin.

Put some white rose petals in a crystal bowl full of water & let it absorb moonrays overnight. Washing the face next morning with the water brightens the complexion.

Activate the north-east zone of your house by keeping a brass turtle in water an acquarium, a small water fountain or a mirror for good health.

Opt for light pastel hues in the bed-room & keep it clutter-free for a sound beauty sleep.

Keep an acquarium in your home & office for a calm & soothing surrounding.

Keep a four-faceted pyramid in your drawing room to repel negative vibes.

Live in a west-facing room to reduce skin oiliness.

Ensure maximum exposure of sunlight (a rich souce of Vitamin D) in the house.


Top Slip is a pollution free Godly land on earth. TopSlip lies in the 958 km Indira Gandhi National Park and Wildlife sanctuary. The Park is contiguous to the Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary (Kerala) to its west and to the Eravikulam National Park (Kerala) and Chinnar WLS to its south. IGNP is an Indomalayan Malabar Rainforest and the Tropical Humid biome comprises primarily of wet evergreen, sub-tropical evergreen, moist deciduous, dry deciduous, semi-evergreen and montane-shola grasslands. Both southwest and northeast monsoons occur here.

The area is drained by several perennial and semi-perennial river systems like the Kallar and Sholaiar rivers and contains man-made reservoirs such as Aliar and Thirumurthy. The best season is between May to June and October to February. The Min temprature was at 2°C (winter) & Max 25°C (summer).

lion-tailed macaque, the nilgiri, langur, Malabar giant squirrel, elephants, gaur, spotted deer, sambar, barking deer, and wild boar etc., seen largely in the IGNP. Other places in and around Topslip are Aaliyar dam, Sholayar dam, Upper & Lower Nirar dams, and tunnels bored into the mountains and countless locations that portray the tradition and scenic beauty of this isolated high range of Western Ghats.

Entry formalities:
1. If you are visiting the park for the day you can go directly to Top Slip (Entry INR 50). The Sethumadai checkpost is the entry point to IGNP.
2. In case you plan to stay at Top Slip, accommodation must be booked in advance at the:
Wildlife Warden Office, 178 Meenkarai Road, Pollachi.
Open Monday to Friday between 9 am to 5 pm.
3. Park entry time is between 6.30 am and 6 pm

How to reach:
IGNP is best approached from Pollachi. The usual route is to travel by road from Coimbatore to Pollachi (40 kms) to the Wildlife Warden's Office and then by road to Top Slip (35 km), the entry point to the Park. There are regular buses from Coimbatore and Palani to Pollachi and there are two buses a day from Pollachi to Top Slip
Nearest airport: Coimbatore (75 kms)
Nearest railhead: Pollachi (30 kms).

Park details and tips:
1. There is provision for a conducted bus ride from the Park Reception Office and riding elephants may also be available.
2. Local food and refreshments are available at the facility run at the Tourist Complex, Top slip.
3. Many lone male elephants at Top Slip are known rouges, travel on foot with a guide.


Going against the human biological clock has a direct impact on health. Working on overnight shift, many shift workers face a serious risk of falling asleep at the wheel as one's body moves through each 24-hour cycle; it experiences fluctuations in temperature, wakefulness, gastric activity, heart rate, blood pressure and hormone levels. This flow of body activity is known as the circadian rhythm.

These rhythms are important for optimal functioning of the many processes vital to health. When the normal circadian rhythms are disrupted by lack of sleep or by crossing time zones, it may take days or weeks for the body to readjust. Studies show that shift work and shifts with extended hours can have significant adverse effects on health, workplace accident rates, absenteeism and a worker’s personal

What are the health effects of shift work?

Partial sleep deprivation is the main problem that affects the health of shift workers. Researchers have
found several negative health effects in shift workers and workers on extended hours. Some of these
· Increased heart disease
· Gastric ulcers and gastro intestinal problems
· Social problems and minor psychiatric disorders
· Sleep disorders and increased fatigue

How employers can address shift work problems

There are a number of steps that employers can take to address the problems faced by shift workers.
Some of the solutions suggested for employers are:

· Improve workplace lighting and canteen and recreation facilities.
· Ensure workers undertake no more than two or three consecutive 12-hour shifts.
· Ensure an even distribution of days off with shift blocks.
· Allow workers time for breaks, time to move around and time to interact with other workers.

Solutions for workers

The shift worker can also take a number of steps to make living with shift work more bearable.
Setting up the conditions for sleep is very important The bedroom must be dark and cool. Heavy curtains and sound insulation on the doors and windows can reduce noise levels. An air conditioner can mask minor noises from outside. An answering machine for the phone and lowering the ring tone may also be helpful. There should be a routine for waking up as well, just as there is for the average day-worker.

Night-shift workers should exercise

Exercising is not an easy task because shift workers usually start the day exhausted and pressed for time. However, exercise can simply mean being active in general; for example, a walk around the neighborhood for half an hour or a game will be helpful. Exercise should be a part of every day, but vigorous exercise should be avoided within the last two hours before bed-time.

Shift workers' diet is very important

Shift workers should have three meals a day, at roughly the same time every day. The timing of meals can keep energy levels up, improve sleep and help the body adjust to the shift work schedule. Restrict the intake of caffeine, not only in coffee and tea, but in soft drinks too.

Useful Hints to apply during shift work

· When the work is sedentary, contact others on the same shift regularly; it may help to keep alert.
· Stand up and walk occasionally.
· Wash your hands and wet your face.
· Be aware of fatigue after the shift is over, especially while driving home.
· Keep your mind active by listening to the radio

HEAVEN IN EARTH-Kalakkadu Sanctuary

Kalakkadu Sanctuary is located in the Western Ghats of Tirunelveli district. The Kalakkadu sanctuary together with the Mundanthurai sanctuary has been notified as a Tiger reserve are the two prominent sanctuaries of the region. The region is declared as one of the world's 18 biodiversity hotspots. The Vaishnavite center of Thirukkurangudi is 5 km away. Pechiparai Dam is an attractive spot at about 30 km west. Kunthakulam Bird Sanctuary is another tourist interest in the vicinity.

It is located at a distance of 47km from Tirunelveli. A rich variety of flora and fauna is present in this sprawling sanctuary. Wild animals Which can be easily sighted here are Elephant, Tiger, Lion tailed Macaque, Nilgiri Langur, Bonnet Macaque and Common Langur, Nilgiri Tahr, sambar, Sloth Bear, gaur, Flying Squirrel, Panther, Wild Dog, Pangoline, panthers, jungle cats, civets, dholes, jackals, and striped hyenas.

Kalakkadu Wild Life Sanctuary is also famous for a wide range of birds, amphibians and reptiles like
cobra, common krait, russels, viper, monitor lizard, garden lizard, tortoise, crocodiles, and many other interesting creatures. You can enjoy trekking in these wild surroundings but with prior permission from the Park administration. There are more than 100 species of birds found in this region. To mention a few birds, which can be spotted frequently here are egrets, herons, jungle fowl, spur fowl, emerald dove, minivets, bee caters, quails, sparrows, owls, and night jars.

Accommodation is available at Forest Rest House at Sengaltheri with catering arrangements.

How to Reach Kalakkadu Sanctuary

By Rail - Nearest Railway Station is Cheranmadevi at a distance of 20 km from here. Tirunelveli railway station is at a distance of 47km.

By Air - Madurai Airport is located at a distance of 200 km while Thiruvananthapuram's airport is at a distance of 140 km.

By Road - Kalakad is well connected to Ambasamudaram and Tirunelveli, frequent buses are plying on this route.


India is an agricultural country. Around 60% of India’s population lives in villages. In recent years the corporate sector had turned its attention towards the rural market in India. This study is to know about the actual condition of rural India, problems faced by the rural Indians and the awareness of consumers in the rural areas
Madurai is the second largest, and probably oldest, city in the state. Located on the Vaigai River flowing 150 miles (240 km) generally southeast. Rising in the Varushanād Hills of western Tamil Nādu Near Sholavandān it bends to the southeast, passing Madurai town on its course to its mouth on Palk Strait, which separates the southeast coast of India from Sri Lanka. The Vaigai River rarely floods; its chief tributaries are the Siruliar, Theniar, Varāha Nadī, and Mangalar.
Enclosed by the Anai, Naga, and Pasu (Elephant, Snake, and Cow) hills, the compact old city, site of the Pāndya (4th–11th century AD) capital, centers on meenakshi-sundereshwarar Temple. Tirumalai Nayak palace, Teppakulam tank (an earthen embankment reservoir), and a 1,000-pillared hall were rebuilt in the Vijayanagar period (16th–17th century) after the total destruction of the city in 1310. The British removed the city walls in 1837 to enable the city to expand, and administrative and residential quarters formed north of the river.
Large-scale industry has developed in the suburbs. Predominant are cotton spinning and weaving and the manufacture of transport equipment, tobacco, and sugar. Small-scale handloom weaving of silks and cottons, which have made Madurai famous throughout history, remains important. In the early Christian era, Madurai was also well known for its Tamil chankam (literary society), and a new chankam was established in 1901. The city is the seat of Madurai-Kamaraj University (1966).
The ancient history of the region is associated with the Pāndya kings. Later Vijayanagar, Muslim, Marāthā, and British rulers conquered it. In the 1940s it became known as the center of the civil disobedience movement and remained an important seat of political leadership.
Its chief crops are rice, banana, peanuts (groundnuts), cotton, sugarcane, coffee, cardamom, potatoes, lily and pears. City population 12,93,702 (1998). Major source of irrigation are Periyār (1895) and Vaigai (1960).area 51.85 sq.kms, (20sq miles),altitude 100.58 meters and 330ft above sea level.

The village I choose is “EARKUDY ATCHAMPATHU” a small village situated in theni main road (N.H.-49). The village is 7Kms away from the Madurai city. The village is a panchayat union the union consists of 7 members and 2 staffs, it is well connected with road, the village is good in technological advancement.
As per the latest records of the panchayat union the village has 850 families and population of 5000, out of which 58%are male and 42%are female.
The village has two primary school and one matriculation school that provide basic education to the students; a high school is situated 2kms away from the village. Around 80% of the populations are educated, of these educated persons around 28%are graduates, 20% plus two’s .15%had completed S.S.L.C. The students of the village are also studying in leading schools in Madurai. S.B.O.A. one of the best schools in Madurai is situated 3kms from the village, Madurai kamaraj university (MKU) is just 6kms from the village.

The village is well connected by road; the village has bus facilities, which connect various parts of the city. Approximately one bus crosses the village every 5 minute. The village also enjoys the facilities of “SHARE AUTO”. Almost every home owns a cycle or two-wheeler. There are 15cars in the village, 20autos and 20 other four wheelers.
The main occupation of the village is agriculture, around 75% of the population involves in agriculture and allied activities, about 10% are office goers, and the rest involve in other works. Agriculture is the main source of income for the village.
The villagers enjoys various facilities they are as follows ,
Cable T.V- around 80% of the village has the facility of cable connection, which is provided, to them at a cost of Rs.100/month,
Telephone booth- the village is good in telecommunication it has 5 telephone booths and around 120 telephone connections.
Service stations- the village has a automobile service station named “SRI SERVICE STATION” which provide various facilities, it satisfies all the automobile needs, it has customers from both urban and rural areas, the proprietor Mr.A.Rajendran belongs to the same village.
Petrol pump-the village has an petrol pump which was opened recently,
Primary health center-the village has a primary health center, which is supported by M/S. T.V.SUNDARAM INDUSTRIES LIMITED, which is located 3kms away from the village.
Medical shop-the village has an medical shop which provide drugs of certain extent.
The village have an ICICI Bank, which is a fully computerized branch, it provide banking and loan facilities to the villagers. MrsR.Murugeshwari an account holder of the bank says that the bank facilities help them to a larger extent.
The village has a primary co-operative society, which provides ration facilities (PDS) and other facilities like fertilizers, and other products.
The village has around 50 shops out of which 30 shops provide F.M.C.G’S and other amenities and the other shops provide various other services like food, refreshments, etc. Some of the famous shops of the villages are “PANDI KADAI”& “NADAR KADAI” which is the oldest shops of the village these shops are considered as supermarket of the village. Mrs.A.Packiam the resident of the village say that around 20 new shops had been opened in the village in the past 10years.

Management concepts in Agni Siragugal


The book ‘AGNI SIRAGUGAL’ is the translated version of the book ‘WINGS OF FIRE’ written by our formePresident and former scientific advisor to Government of India. Dr.Avul Pakhir Jainulabudin Abdul Kalam, The man behind the success of Indian Space Science, Defence Research & Atomic Development.


This book is an autobiography of Dr.Kalam, Dr.Arun Tiwari who worked with Kalam assisted him and now he is working as the Director of Cardiovascular Technology Institute.

This book explains about the development of Space Science & Defence Research in India. There are number of management concepts in it. Some of such interesting events are as follows.


Dr.Kalam- a B.E. degree holder applied for the job of Pilot Officer. But he failed in the interview, he felt so bad about it and learned the mistake made by him and corrected it and Joined as a ‘Scientific Assistant’ at DTDPP (Air).


In the year 1967 when Dr.Kalam was working for ‘ROHINI’ mission in which a satellite is to be placed in TCE orbit using a sounding rocket. Due to poor quality of the timer in the rocket TCE, mission failed. So he stressed the importance of Quality Management.


  1. When Kalam was working for SLV mission & Diamond mission – he started concentrating on delightedly working subordinates and gave them jobs of their interest. So Staffing is there.

  2. When Vikram Sarabhai was to select a person for inventing Tele Command System for PSLV mission, he has two choices. One is Mr.V.R.Rao and another is Mr.Madhavan Nair. He selected Mr.Nair because he was more interested in doing new things. So it is a good Staffing.


When SLV-3 mission was going on he was in stress, because various parts of rocket has to be brought and assembled at this time. He was pushed to a great stress, but he overcame it with good Stress Management plans.


In 1960’s India was a developing country in Space Science, it imported rockets and missiles for its use, for that it spent huge amount. So India decided to innovate new Defence Technologies & Rockets, by this huge money spended on this import was reduced which in turn lead to more development.


In the year 1965 ISRO decided to launch its own Satellite Launch Vehicle, which is not an easy thing for a developing country to do it. But, Dr.Kalam Set his Goal to achieve the SLV mission by 1978 worked hard and made it possible.


When Dr.Kalam was the project head of Rocket Propulsion Team, he and his team members explained the work done by them, at a time when one of the scientist questioned Kalam that,” What is your role in it?”For that Dr.Vikram Sarabhai replied,” He is the Leader. His job is to co-ordinate the employees. He did his job perfectly”.


The ‘ROHINI MISSION’ failed and India’s first SLV failed to accomplish its mission. At this time the team worked for the mission face a set back. By this time Dr.Sarabhai told them,” Don’t worry for the failure of SLV & Rohini, we had succeeded in developing the infrastructure to build a rocket in our own country”. It is the motivation style of Dr. Sarabhai.


Dr.Kalam was appointed as the Programme Director of ‘SLV-3 MISSION’. For that he had to co-ordinate 44 Main Components Manufacturing Units, 250 Sub Components Manufacturing Units, more than 5000 workers and two big organizations. He made it possible by good Co-ordination among the groups.


In ‘SLV-3 MISSION’ he had to spend more time on various aspects. So he plans his day in a perfect way and manages his time to make his work more productive.


In the year 1976 the Pre-Launch work was going on. Mr.Madhavan Nair & Mr.Moorty, two young scientists finished the Telemetry and Tele-Command System, which need ten persons to do. But they two did it. When they asked about it, they told that Team Work Works.


Dr.Kalam being the Mission Director of ‘SLV-3 & ASLV’ mission, Programme Head of ‘IGMPD & DEVILS’ mission of DRDO & Programmed Director of ‘BUDDHA SMILES’ of AEC he had taken various decisions, which made India a Global Super Power.


Now Dr.Kalam is a well Known Scientist & President of India. But he is not from a high-class society, he is from a small fisherman family and by now he is the first citizen of India. This development is because of his Handwork at all the stages of his life.

I conclude by saying this,” By his Handwork, he and our country develop together”.